The Future of Energy and What It Means for Labor Markets

A long-term transition is underway in the consumption and production of energy: from non-renewable “brown” energy sources based on fossil fuels, such as coal, crude oil, and natural gas, to renewable “green” sources, like bioenergy, geothermal, hydropower, solar, and wind energy.


This project will explore what direct and indirect impacts this transition may have on the labor market outcomes of employment and earnings in the local Canadian and US economies where this energy production is located, as well as the potential aggregate nation-wide impacts.


In addition to focusing the terminology and accounting of brown and green jobs, this project will study employment spillovers between brown and green energy jobs, as well as regional concentrations, the quality of jobs, and job transitions between these sources.


Related research questions include: What are the required skills and tasks of workers? How do the benefits of booms relate to the potential losses during subsequent busts? To what extent do the location of brown energy sources affect labor mobility and how might that change in areas where green energy sources are located?

(Joint) Society of Labor Economists and European Association of Labor Economists, Berlin, Germany, 2020-06-26

Joseph Marchand

Conference/Workshop

Allied Social Sciences Association, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2018-01-05

Joseph Marchand

Conference/Workshop

Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, Denver, CO, USA, 2019-11-09

Joseph Marchand

Conference/Workshop

Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, Washington, DC, USA, 2018-11-08

Joseph Marchand

Conference/Workshop

Canadian Economics Association, Banff, AB, Canada, 2019-05-31

Joseph Marchand

Conference/Workshop

Labor and Employment Relations Association, Portland, OR, USA, 2020-06-15

Joseph Marchand

Conference/Workshop

National Bureau of Economic Research, Labor Demand and Older Workers, Cambridge, MA, USA, 2019-11-15

Joseph Marchand

Conference/Workshop

National Bureau of Economic Research, Summer Institute, Cambridge, MA, USA, 2020-07-17

Joseph Marchand

Conference/Workshop

Society of Labor Economists, Toronto, ON, Canada, 2018-05-05

Joseph Marchand

Conference/Workshop

Southern Economic Association, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA, 2019-11-24

Joseph Marchand

Conference/Workshop

Don’t It Make My Brown Jobs Green? What Renewable Energy Means for Jobs and Job Quality

Joseph Marchand

Article in professional or trade journals

How Local Economic Conditions Affect School Finances, Teacher Quality, and Student Achievement: Evidence from the Texas Shale Boom

Joseph Marchand

Scholarly Refereed Journal

Local Labor Market Effects of Environmental Regulations: Evidence from Canada Wide Standards

Joseph Marchand

Scholarly Refereed Journal

Local Labor Markets and Natural Resources: A Synthesis of the Literature

Joseph Marchand

Scholarly Refereed Journal

London School of Economics and Political Science, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, London, UK, 2019-10-02

Joseph Marchand

Invited/Keynote

Routine Tasks were Demanded from Workers during an Energy Boom

Joseph Marchand

Scholarly Refereed Journal

University of Alberta, Department of Economics, Edmonton, AB, Canada, 2019-09-11

Joseph Marchand

Invited/Keynote

University of Saskatchewan, Department of Economics, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, 2018-09-07

Joseph Marchand

Invited/Keynote

Work, Health, and Mortality: The Case of WLEMMAs in the Shale Boom and Bust

Joseph Marchand

Scholarly Refereed Journal