Mitigation of climate forcing materials

Micron and sub-micron scale black carbon particulates are a short-lived climate pollutants that is seen by many as the second most important class of anthropogenic climate forcing materials, behind carbon dioxide. Its origins are directly attributable to combustion of hydrocarbons and coal.


Most controlled combustion systems, such as vehicles and power plants, have black carbon mitigation strategies. Some exceptions continue to struggle in this regard. For example, marine transport and bio-derived fuels used in commercial aircraft. There are also uncontrolled combustion systems that are seen as the biggest emitters of black carbon, and these include the natural processes of wildfires (in particular, smoldering combustion) or the industrial process of flaring.


The objective of this project is to understand and model the fundamentals of black carbon formation that can be applied in combustion or pyrolysis situations in order to either mitigate their emissions or to form and capture the black carbon into a valuable material.

Biobattery concept: Decentralized production of fuel from forest biomass, agriculture residue and municipal solid waste

Amit Kumar, Raj Gupta, Larry Kostiuk, Vinoj Kurian, Adetoyese Oyedun, Wasel-ur Rahman, Manjot Gill

Conference/Workshop

Decentralized use of forest biomass, agricultural residue, and municipal solid waste through the biobattery concept

Amit Kumar, Raj Gupta, Larry Kostiuk, Vinoj Kurian, Adetoyese Oyedun

Conference/Workshop

Analysis of the products and kinetic rates of methane thermal decomposition. Part II: Numerical models

Jason Olfert, Marc Secanell, Larry Kostiuk, Ambuj Punia, James Tatum

Conference Proceedings

Analysis of the products and kinetic rates of methane thermaldecomposition. Part I: Experimental apparatus

Jason Olfert, Marc Secanell, Larry Kostiuk, Ambuj Punia, James Tatum

Conference Proceedings

Experimental and numerical analysis of a methane thermal decomposition reactor

Marc Secanell, Larry Kostiuk

Scholarly Refereed Journal

Kinetics of methane pyrolysis: An optimized mechanism

Jason Olfert, Marc Secanell, Larry Kostiuk, Ambuj Punia, James Tatum

Conference Proceedings

Nanoparticle Emission Characteristics during Methane Pyrolysis in a Laminar Premixed Flame

Jason Olfert, Larry Kostiuk, Mohammad Afroughi, Farjad Falahati

Conference Proceedings

Preliminary experimental study of methane decarbonization using a laminar premixed flame

Jason Olfert, Larry Kostiuk, Mohammad Afroughi, Farjad Falahati

Conference Proceedings

Properties of carbon black produced by the thermal decomposition of methane in the products of premixed flames

Jason Olfert, Larry Kostiuk, Mohammad Afroughi, Farjad Falahati

Scholarly Refereed Journal

Properties of carbon particles generated by methane decarbonization in oxygen deficient gas streams

Jason Olfert, Larry Kostiuk, Mohammad Afroughi, Farjad Falahati

Conference Proceedings